Is this "the new reality"?
Or is it another new excuse for declining employment standards?
Last week, Finance Minister Bill Morneau made headlines after offering some tone-deaf advice to young workers struggling in today's precarious job market dominated by low wages, job insecurity and short-term contract work – get used to the "job churn," kids!
Commenting on people moving "job to job to job," Morneau said "it's going to happen. We have to accept that."
Offered a chance to clarify his minister's comments a few days later, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau doubled-down.
Trudeau, who cast himself as the champion of the middle class during the last election suggested job security is an "archaic" idea and recommended young workers learn to accept "the new reality":
"Well, I think first of all, recognizing that the workplace is changing, that technological disruptions, the sharing economy, the new reality of the fact that there are going to be, instead of having one job, one career, where you start in the mail room, work your way up to being Vice-President and getting a gold watch when you retire and some archaic vision of it, we're going to have, actually, multiple careers over the course of our lives."
Trudeau even suggested changing careers several times could be a good thing because "a lot of people are interested in challenging themselves."
The comments from Trudeau and Morneau frustrated advocates for precarious workers.
"Telling young people to 'get used to it' dismisses the lived reality and insecurity faced by contract, freelance, self-employed and part-time workers across the country," Stephanie Nakitsas co-founder of the Urban Worker Project told PressProgress.
According to Nakitsas, the real issues facing precarious workers have less to do with accepting "the new reality" than it has to do with improving standards for precarious workers:
"No one should get used to not getting paid on time, not getting paid at all, working for less than minimum wage on a contract, being misclassified as an independent contractor when you are an employee, working without protections under employment standards laws, working without access to health and dental benefits or income security measures like EI or parental leave."
Others wonder if Trudeau and Morneau's "new reality" actually reflects this lived reality?
As Canadian Labour Congress senior economist Angella MacEwen recently explained, the problem isn't that people are jumping from "job to job to job" as Morneau and Trudeau suggest – the problem is employers are increasingly offering workers a series of flexible, short-term contracts at low-pay instead of stable, predictable, long-term employment:
"For many workers, precarity doesn't mean jumping from job to job – it means not knowing how many hours you can count on next week, it means not having any benefits, it means balancing multiple jobs along with caretaking duties and/or furthering your own education. It means working for the same employer for 5 years, but always on six month contracts. It means unpaid internships are the only kind of internship you can find, or not having any recourse when an employer unjustifiably docks your wages or takes your tips for themselves."
As for Morneau's "job churn," MacEwen notes that the average length of time young Canadians spend working at the same job has remained "remarkably stable since 1976":
If people are jumping from short-term contract to short-term contract with the same employer, that might suggest "the new reality" isn't quite as inevitable as Trudeau and Morneau would have us believe.
Here are a few other things we know about precarious workers:
• Two million workers are 'own-account self-employed', meaning they have no paid help;
• 900,000 work part time because they can’t find full-time work;
• Another 390,000 work part time to accommodate unpaid care work;
• Nearly one million work two or three jobs.
And a recent report published by the CLC suggests it's often young workers who bear the brunt of economic precarity:
• Unemployment for workers between the ages of 15 to 24 is nearly double the national average.
• Half of workers between 15 and 24 work part time, one-in-five of are working part-time involuntarily.
• One-third young Canadians find themselves working temporary jobs.
• In Ontario, 300,000 work in unpaid internships.
Photo: PMO, Finance Canada.